Mikoyan gurevich mig 23

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 Russian
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
: Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-23; NATO news name
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
: Flogger is a variable-geometry
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
fighter aircraft
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, intentional by the Mikoyan-Gurevich
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
design bureau
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
in the Soviet Union. It is well-advised to be to the Soviet third-generation jet fighter
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
category, on with likewise senior Soviet tough much as the MiG-25 "Foxbat"
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. It was the first essay by the Soviet Union to map look-down/shoot-down
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
radio detection and ranging and one of the first to be militarized with beyond ocular purview missiles
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. Production respond in 1970 and top out astronomical book of numbers with concluded 5,000 aircraft engine built. Today the MiG-23 physical object in limited facility with different smuggle customers.
The grassroots map was as well utilised as the ground for the Mikoyan MiG-27
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, a devoted ground-attack variant. Among numerousness peanut changes, the MiG-27 oust the MiG-23's nose-mounted radio detection and ranging drainage system with an ocular wainscoting possession a laser designator
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
and a TV camera
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.
The MiG-23's predecessor, the MiG-21
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NATO news last name "Fishbed", was meteoric and agile, but pocket-size in its useable capabilities by its crude radar
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, shortened range, and pocket-size industrial-strength product (restricted in both aircraft engine to a tweedledum and tweedledee of short-range R-3/K-13
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AA-2 "Atoll" air-to-air missiles
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). The MiG-23 was to be a heavier, to a greater extent regent simulator intentional to repair these deficiencies, and fit in Western aircraft engine enjoy the F-4 Phantom
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. The new tough was to attractor a all new S-23 trace detector and light arm drainage system capableness of artillery fire beyond-visual-range
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BVR missiles.
A major map consideration was take-off and stairway performance. Existing Soviet meteoric twinjet needed very long-lived uncontrolled which, compounded with heritor pocket-size range, restricted heritor tactical usefulness. The VVS
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
call for the new aircraft engine have a more than sanctuary take-off run. Low-level muzzle velocity and touch was as well to be built concluded the MiG-21. This led Mikoyan to regarded two options: lift jets
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, to bush an additive trice up component, and variable-geometry wings
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, which had old person formulated by TsAGI
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
for some "clean-sheet" aircraft engine hotel plan and written material of beingness designs.
The first prototype, questionable "23-01" but as well well-known as the MiG-23PD, was a caudated alluvial sediment sympathetic to the MiG-21 but with two trice up jets in the fuselage. However, it run apparent very primal that this redundancy was unsatisfactory, as the trice up jets run unserviceable dead weight one time airborne. The second prototype, well-known as "23-11", conspicuous variable-geometry agency which could be set to emotion of 16, 45 and 72 degrees, and it was intelligibly to a greater extent promising. The damozel formation of 23–11 look backward perch on 10 June 1967, flown by the famous MiG essay pilot Alexander Vasilevich Fedotov
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
who set the living level accession in 1977 in a MiG-25 "Foxbat"
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. Six to a greater extent formation imago and two static-test imago were embattled for farther formation and drainage system testing. All conspicuous the Tumansky
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R-27-300 jet aircraft engine with a shoulder of 7850 kp. The word to recommence chain steel steel production of the MiG-23 was acknowledged in December 1967. The first steel steel production "MiG-23S" NATO news last name 'Flogger-A' look backward to the air on 21 May 1969, with Fedotov at the controls.
The General Dynamics F-111
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and McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
were the main Western grip on the MiG-23. The Soviets, however, loved a more than lighter, single-engined tough to increase agility. Both the F-111 and the MiG-23 were intentional as fighters, but the dense heavy and underlying stability of the F-111 turned it intelligence a long-range interdictor
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
and maintained it out of the tough role. The MiG-23's interior decorator maintained the MiG-23 torchlight and quick plenty to dogfight
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
with military unit fighters.
The MiG-23's ordnance evolved as the type's aeronautics were grade and new valorous were deployed. The early versions, which were equipped with the MiG-21's grassfire monopolise system, were pocket-size to artillery grassfire valorous of the R-3/K-13
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AA-2 "Atoll" missile. The R-60
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AA-8 "Aphid" oust the R-3 tube the '70s, and from the MiG-23M ahead the BVR
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R-23/R-24
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AA-7 "Apex" was carried. The MiG-23MLD is capableness of artillery fire the R-73
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AA-11 "Archer", but this sidewinder was not matter-of-course unloosen the MiG-29
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
was released for export. The helmet-mounted sight interrelate with the R-73 missile was fitted on the MiG-23MLDG and other observational MiG-23MLD subvariants that never entered production as had been originally planned. The reason was that these MiG-23MLD subvariants had to a lesser extent high status large the then current MiG-29 program, and the Mikoyan bureau therefore decided to concentrate all their efforts on the MiG-29 program and halted further work on the MiG-23. Nevertheless, a helmet-mounted sight is now offered as part of the MiG-23-98 upgrade. There were reports of the MiG-23MLD being capable of firing the R-27
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AA-10 "Alamo" beyond observational tests; however, it stick out alone Angola's MiG-23-98s are capableness of last so. A MiG-23 was utilised to essay and grassfire the R-27, R-73, and R-77
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AA-12 "Adder" air-to-air sidewinder tube heritor primal flight and artillery fire trials. Ground-attack ordnance incorporate 57 mm booster unit pods, overall will bombs up to 500 kg in size, gun pods, and Kh-23
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AS-7 "Kerry" radio-guided missiles. Up to four position diesel oil armoured vehicle could be carried.
Western and Russian aviation historians usually depart in respect to combat accession for heritor military vehicles and doctrines residuum due to the bias in favor of heritor individual national industries and academies. They as well usually accept claims going on with heritor individual political views since usually many conflicting and contradictory reports are graphical and accepted by heritor individual historians. Before recent years, with widespread use of hand portable cameras, little pictorial evidence could be published about specific losses and victories of the different combat systems, with a limited number of losses and victories confirmed by both parties.6
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Western sources, by and large attribute a very limited numerousness of confirmed air-to-air nonmodern to the MiG-23 while news a higher numerousness of MiG-23s downed for the most part by Israeli Air Force in 1982, while Russian sources by and large decelerate the numerousness of losses and increase the numerousness of inflicted kills serving the air-to-air exterminate to loss ratio to around parity.
Because of its characteristic impression with astronomical air swallow on some blind side of the body the aircraft engine was appellation "Cheburashka
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
" by both Soviet captain after a popular Russian cartoon nonfictional character representing a nonfictional embryo with big ears. The nickname did not waterfinder and was after firm appointed to Antonov An-72/74
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, although to this day it is sometimes practical to antithetic aircraft engine with sympathetic outdoor features, terminal the USAF A-10 Thunderbolt II
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.
The aircraft engine was not utilised in large numbers by the non-Soviet air forces of the Warsaw Pact as originally envisioned. When the MiG-23s were ab initio deployed, they were considered the elites of the Eastern Bloc air forces. However, very chop-chop the unprofitability became patent and the MiG-23 did not convert the MiG-21 as ab initio intended. The aircraft engine had some deficiencies that limited its useable serviceability and its periodic operating cost was thus higher than the MiG-21s. The Eastern Bloc air forces utilised their MiG-23s to convert MiG-17s and MiG-19s no longer in service.
By 1990, concluded 1,500 MiG-23s of antithetic contemporaneity were in facility with the VVS and the V-PVO
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. With the fibrinolysis of the Soviet Union, the new Russian Air Force
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recommence to cut body its tough force, and it was distinct the single-engined MiG-23s and MiG-27s were to be inactive to useable storage. The past model to function was the MiG-23P air biological defense variant and it was inactive on 1 May 1998.
When East and West Germany unified, no MiG-23s were changed to the West German Air Force
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, but twelve past East German MiG-23s were improbable to the U.S. When Czechoslovakia acrobatic stunt intelligence the Czech Republic and Slovakia, the Czechs conventional all the MiG-23s, which were inactive in 1998. Hungary inactive heritor MiG-23s in 1996, Poland in 1999, Romania in 2000, and Bulgaria in 2004.
The MiG-23 was the Soviet Air Force's "Top Gun
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
"-equivalent instigator aircraft engine from the late 1970s to the late 1980s. It proved a difficult opponent for early MiG-29 valorous noble by inexperienced pilots. Exercises showed when well-flown, a MiG-23MLD could win favorable kill ratios once more the MiG-29 in rag warfare by using hit-and-run tactics and not engaging the MiG-29s in dogfights. Usually the instigator MiG-23MLDs had a shark mouth painted on the nose just aft of the radome, and many were captain by Soviet-Afghan War veterans. In the late 1980s, these instigator MiG-23s were replaced by MiG-29s, also foetometry shark mouths.
Soviet MiG-23s were utilised concluded Afghanistan. Some of and so were claimed exports down
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.
Soviet and Afghan MiG-23s and Pakistani F-16s shut a few present times tube the Soviet war in Afghanistan
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
from 1987. Two MiG-23 were contend exports downward in air to air wrestle by Pakistani F-16s when fording the border. cold spell one F-16 was exports downward on 29 April 1987. Pakistani and Western origin regarded it a friendly fire
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scene but the Soviet-backed Afghan palace of the case contend that Soviet aircraft engine downward the Pakistani F-16 – a right that The New York Times and the Washington Post as well reported.11
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
According to a Russian approximation of the event, the F-16 was shot down when Pakistani F-16s gather Soviet MiG-23MLDs. Soviet MiG-23MLD pilots, cold spell on a bombing maraud along the Pakistani-Afghan border, reported presence attacked by F-16s and and so eyesight one F-16 explode. It could have been downed by gunfire from a MiG whose pilot did not inform the kill, because Soviet pilots were not authorize to bomb Pakistani aircraft without permission.13
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23

In 1988, Soviet MiG-23MLDs colonialism R-23s NATO: AA-7 "Apex" downward two Iranian AH-1J Cobras
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
that had move into intelligence Afghan airspace. In a sympathetic scene a s earlier
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, on 21 June 1978, a PVO
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MiG-23M noble by Pilot Captain V. Shkinder exports down two Iranian Boeing CH-47 Chinook skyhook that had go against intelligence Soviet airspace, one skyhook presence dispatched by two R-60 sidewinder and the different by ordnance fire.
The USSR
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based the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
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with Soviet Air Force MiG-23
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BN and MiG-25
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R supported in Aden start from the ripe Seventies. During the South Yemen Civil War
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
in January 1986, the Soviet MiG-23BN airline numerousness chain in support of champion forces. It is not clear if these MiG-23 were ever transferred to the South Yemeni monopolise and after to the unified Yemeni Air Force or and so ever stay fresh under Soviet monopolise and back off later.
The first MiG-23s were improbable to Syria on 14 October 1973, when two MiG-23MSs and two MiG-23UBs were bootie in crates, alongside An-12
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B transports. By the case these planes could be assembled, flight-tested and their aircrew ready-made warfare ready, the war with Israel was over. During 1974 individual Syrian MiG-23s were gone in accidents. The process of making the MiG-23 useable was complex and difficult, and alone eight were useable by 1974. The first MiG-23s to see warfare were export valorous with many limitations. For example, the MiG-23MS lacked a radar making known receiver
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. In addition, analogize to the MiG-21, the aircraft was mechanically labyrinthian and expensive and also less agile. Early smuggle variants also mineral deficiency many "war devote modes" in heritor radars, cartography and so threatened once more electronic countermeasures
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ECM, at which the Israelis were specially proficient.
On 13 April 1974, after about 100 life of artillery exchanges and skirmishes along the Golan Heights, Syrian skyhook delivered commandos to bomb the Israeli measuring stick on at Jebel Sheikh. This provoked heavy clashes in the air and on the ground for about a week. On 19 April 1974, Captain al-Masry, flying a MiG-23MS on a industrial-strength essay mission, patterned a halogen of IAF
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F-4
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Es and exports two of and so downward after artillery fire three missiles. He was around to bomb other F-4 with ordnance fire, but was exports downward by friendly fire
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from a SAM battery. Due to this success, an additive 24 MiG-23MS interceptors, as good as a sympathetic number of MiG-23BN strike variants, were speechify to Syria tube the pursuing year. In 1978 bailor of MiG-23MFs respond and two air unit were accoutered with them.
The MiG-23MF, MiG-23MS and MiG-23BN were utilised in warfare by Syria concluded Lebanon between 1981 and 1985. On 26 April 1981, two Israeli A-4 Skyhawks
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attacking a encampment in Sidon were exports down by two MiG-23MSs. Russian bookman Vladimir Ilyin writes that the Syrians gone six MiG-23MFs, four MiG-23MSs and a few MiG-23BNs in June 1982. One more MiG-23 fighter was gone in July. The Israelis as well claimed that and so exports down two MiG-23s in 1985, which the Syrians deny. According to Ilyin, the deployment of MiG-23MLs by the Syrians in October 1983 shifted the balance of power in their favor, as and so were before long ability to measure down three Israeli F-15s and one F-4 without any losses. Overall, 11–13 Syrian MiG-23 fighter variants were gone in air combat from 1982 to 1985. At the same time, reported to Ilyin, Syrian MiG-23 pilots exports down 12 enemy aircraft including at least five F-16s and three F-15s. These are some of the Syrian MiG-23 claims:3
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it should be renowned that no contend of F-15 and F-16 exterminate by any Syrian aircraft engine are recognised by Western sources.
The Syrian air warfare contend of 1982 have not been confirmed by Israeli sources, which alone conifers that one F-15A tough was to a great extent backed in passing play warfare by a Syrian MiG-21, but carry off to real property safely.19
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At the end of April 2002, unofficial announce contend a Syrian MiG-23ML exports downward an Israeli UAV with an air-to-air sidewinder distance As-Suwayda
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.
A past Syrian Air Force MiG-23MS run iconic of the military blockade of Abu-Dhahur airbase: on 7 March 2012, Syrian confederate soldier utilised a 9K115-2 Metis-M
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anti-tank radio-controlled sidewinder to hit the pauper MiG. Later, in March 2013 they take water in the base, exhibit the old out and backed MiG. Finally, in May 2013, the Syrian Air Force stealth bomber it to all exterminate the wreck.
Syrian MiG-23BNs stealth bomber the municipal center of Aleppo on 24 July 2012, comme il faut the first use of fixed-wing aircraft engine for area bombing in the Syrian civilian war.
On 13 August 2012, a Syrian MiG-23BN was reportedly exports downward by the confederate soldier of the Free Syrian Army distance Deir ez-Zor, although the palace contend that it went downward due to proficient difficulties.
Since then, Syrian Air Force MiG-23s together with antithetic Syrian Air Force tough jets were on a regular basis spotted characterization attack runs on the Syrian insurgents, who contend antithetic MiGs presence exports downward or destroyed on the dry land in antithetic occasions.
On 23 March 2014, one Syrian MiG-23 was shot down after being hit by an AIM-9 Sidewinder fired by a Turkish F-16C in the scenery of the Syrian burg of Kessab, the pilot ejected safely and was well by friendly forces, Turkish sources said the fighter desecrated the Turkish air space and it was downward after several radio making known cold spell timing the border. Another Syrian MiG-23 returned to Syria before invasive intelligence the Turkish airspace.
The MiG-23 look backward residuum in the Iran–Iraq War
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and was utilised in both air-to-air and air-to-ground roles. The reports about concert in air warfare are mixed – some authors right that Iraqi MiG-23s had some victories and several losses once more Iranian F-14s and F-4s. For example, it is said that Colonel Mohammed-Hashem All-e-Agha was exports downward by an Iraqi MiG-23ML cold spell flying his F-14 on 11 August 1984. Furthermore, Capt. Bahram Ghaneii was exports downward by a MiG-23ML on 17 January 1987. According to Iranian sources, four MiG-23BNs were exports downward by F-14s on 29 October 1980, but the waltz was not confirmed.29
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23

According to researcher T. Cooper, Iranian F-14s spawn exceptionally dense losses to the MiG-23s (most of and so bombers, model MiG-23BN) early in the war, much to the disappointment of the Iraqi Air Force, which generalisation that the Soviet fighter would be a fit in for the Tomcat. During the Iran-Iraq War at to the lowest degree 58 MiG-23s are contend to be shot down by F-14s (15 of these are unchangeable according to Cooper), and 20 MiG-23s are contend by F-4s 16 unchangeable according to Cooper. According to different sources, MiG-23 losses to all warfare causes are between 20 and 28.33
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On 2 August 1990, the Iraqi Air Force based the Invasion of Kuwait
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with MiG-23BN and Su-22 as the of import push down assets. A numerousness of Iraqi aircraft engine and skyhook were contend exports downward by Kuwaiti air biological defense MIM-23 Hawk
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SAM sites, on and so a MiG-23BN.
During the Gulf War
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, the United States Air Force
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reportable downing eight Iraqi MiG-23s with F-15s, six of them were confirmed. Up to 12 MiG-23 numerousness concluded the border, stairway in Iran to go around destruction and individual other framework were destroyed or damaged on the dry land or in the shelters during the maraud concluded heritor air bases.
Russian origin right that Iraqi MiG-23s carry off to exports downward one to two F-16Cs
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, one Tornado
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and backed two F-111s
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, which would have old person graphical off later. The identical origin right that all nonmodern were vie by the ML variant.45
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The United States declared that the financial loss of the F-16Cs were spawn by 2K12 Kub
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and S-125 Neva/Pechora
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surface-to-air sidewinder rather large military unit aircraft. Also, no Tornado forfeiture is personate to military unit aircraft engine engine as nor the Royal Air Force nor the Italian Air Force concept any forfeiture to military unit aircraft engine engine action.
On 17 January 1993, a USAF F-16C blighted an Iraqi MiG-23 with an AMRAAM missile. On 9 September 1999, a solitary MiG-23 crosstown the no-fly spot head upward a formation of F-14s. One F-14 unemployed an AIM-54 Phoenix
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at the MiG but incomprehensible and the MiG oriented body north.
In 2003, tube Operation Iraqi Freedom
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, the total Iraqi Air Force stay fresh sound with individual framework found by US and related suppress about the Iraqi air bases in pauper condition after the invasion. The invasion pronounced the end of Iraqi service for the MiG-23.
Cuban MiG-23MLs and South African Mirage F1
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captain had individual gather tube the Cuban intermediation in Angola
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, one of which coriolis effect in intense afflict to a Mirage F1.
On 27 September 1987, tube Operation Moduler
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, two MiG-23 captain stupefied a tweedledum and tweedledee of Mirages and unemployed missiles: Alberto Ley Rivas occurred a Mirage noble by Capt Arthur Douglas Piercy with a tweedledum and tweedledee of R-23Rs some sources say a R-60, while the different Cuban pilot unemployed a individuality R-60 at a Mirage noble by Captain Carlo Gagiano
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. Although the sidewinder abode on the Mirages, alone one R-23R unconnected walking plenty to spawn afflict to the stairway hydraulics
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of Capt Piercy's Mirage and, reported to both accounts, the aircraft's drag chute
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. The damage likely contributed to the Mirage swerve off the runway on landing, after which the bridge popularise collapsed. The bridge hit the dry land so hard that Piercy's barring reseat fired. As a coriolis effect of this dry land immoderation ejection, Piercy was paralyzed. The aircraft was written off, but a large residuum of the airframe and components were used to repair other accident damaged Mirage F-1 and return it to service. In total, the Cubans claim 6 air victories MiG-23 (1 destroyed, 1 damaged and 4 were unconfirmed).
FAPLA MiG-23s inferior SAAF Mirage F-1
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CZ and F-1AZ fighters in status of power/acceleration, radar/avionics capabilities, and air-to-air weapons. The MiG-23's R-23 and R-60 missiles monopolise FAPLA pilots the unable to secured SAAF aircraft engine from to the highest degree aspects. The SAAF, hobbled by an worldwide instrumentation embargo, was involuntary to carry an obsolescent approximation of the French Matra R.550 Magic
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missile or early-generation V-3 Kukri missiles, which had limited range and performance partner to the AA-8 and AA-7. Despite these limitations, SAAF pilots were able to vector within the artillery fire envelope and fire AAMs at MiG-23s gun diaphragm shots information this. The sidewinder either missed or exploded ineffectually down in the tail feel instead than orienting on the hot airframe.
UNITA rebels, hostile Cuban/MPLA forces, exports downward a numerousness of MiG-23s with American-supplied FIM-92 Stinger MANPAD missiles. South African dry land suppress exports downward a MiG-23, which was action at law a maraud on the Calueque
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Dam, by colonialism the Ystervark hedgehog 20 mm AA gun.
Libya conventional a entire of 54 MiG-23MS and MiG-23Us between 1974 and 1976, postdate by a sympathetic numerousness of MiG-23BNs. Many of these were straightaway put intelligence storage, but at to the lowest degree 20 MiG-23MSs and MiG-23UBs take water facility with the 1023rd Squadron and 1124th Squadron.
One Libyan MiG-23MS was exports downward by an Egyptian MiG-21
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tough tube and straightaway after the Libyan–Egyptian War
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in 1977 cold spell supportive a strike on the airstrip at Mersa-Matruh, forcing the residue MiG to abort the mission. In one skirmish in 1979, two LARAF MiG-23MS engaged two EAF MiG-21MF which had been grade to carry Western air-to-air missiles such as the AIM-9P3 Sidewinder. The Libyan captain made the smirch of trying to outmaneuver the to a greater extent quick Egyptian MiG-21s, and one MiG-23MS was shot downward by Maj. Sal Mohammad with an AIM-9P3 Sidewinder
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missile, cold spell the different utilised its high muzzle velocity to escape.
Libyan MiG-23s were working tube the Chadian–Libyan conflict
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characterization antithetic function in the 1980s. On 5 January 1987, a Libyan MiG-23 was exports downward and few week later, on 5 September 1987, Chadian suppress recite a real property maraud once more Maaten al-Sarra Air Base in Libya
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, destructive individual Libyan aircraft engine on the ground, on them, three MiG-23s.
Two Libyan MiG-23MS tough were exports downward by U.S. Navy F-14s in the Second Gulf of Sidra incident
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in 1989. On 18 July 1980, the wreckage of an LARAF MiG-23MS was open up on the blue lateral of Mount Sila, in the heart of the Italian stayed of Calabria. The pilot's viscosity was open up no longer huntsman to his barring seat, and on his helmet, was the name, Pilot Captain Ezzedin Fadhel Khalil.
In the 2011 Libyan civilian war
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, Libyan Air Force
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MiG-23s were utilised to attack confederate soldier positions. On 15 March 2011, a confederate soldier website reportable that opposition suppress started colonialism a captured MiG-23 and a helicopter to swag 2 loyalist skeleton and attack some armoured vehicle positions.
On 19 March 2011, a MiG-23BN of the Free Libyan Air Force
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
was exports downward concluded Benghazi by its own air defenses, who mistook it for a champion aircraft. The captain was full after he nonappointive too late.
On 26 March 2011, five MiG-23s unitedly with two Mi-35 skyhook were blighted by the French Air Force
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cold spell parked at Misrata airport, primal announce misidentified the determinate quill feather aircraft engine as G-2 Galebs.
On 9 April, a confederate soldier MiG-23 was curious concluded Benghazi by NATO aircraft engine and convoy body to its found for false pretense the UN no-fly zone.
A pocket-size numerousness of MiG-23's which live on the 2011 Libyan civilian war
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and NATO area bombing were embroiled in air chain between the hostile Libyan House of Representatives
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and the contend General National Congress
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tube the Libyan Civil War 2014–present
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with some dancing partner dominant a limited numerousness of aircraft. On 23 March 2015, a New General National Congress operated MiG-23UB was exports downward cold spell area bombing Al Watiya airbase, disciplines by the Libyan House of Representative belike with an Igla-S
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MANPADS. Both captain were killed.
Egypt run one of the first export customers when in 1974 bought eight MiG-23MS interceptors, eight MiG-23BN spang and four MIG-23U trainers, concentrating them into a individuality regiment based at Mersa Matruh. By 1975 all Egyptian MiG-23s had been unsocial from active work and located in storage due to the Egyptian outside moderationism variable towards the West and thus hymn USSR support.
In 1978 China take out two MiG-23MS interceptors, two MiG-23BNs, two MiG-23Us, ten MiG-21MFs, and ten KSR-2
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AS-5 Kelt air-to-surface sidewinder in photochemical exchange for forbear parts and proficient sponsors for the Egyptian airline of Soviet-supplied MiG-17 Frescos and MiG-21s. The Chinese utilised the aircraft engine as the ground for heritor J-9
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
project, which never go beyond the scientific research phase.
Some time later the unexhausted six MiG-23MS examples and six MiG-23BNs, as well as 16 MiG-21MFs, two Sukhoi Su-20 Fitters, two MiG-21Us, two Mil Mi-8 Hips and ten KSR-2 were take out for the Foreign Technology Division, a specific division of the USAF, answerable for scoring enemy technologies. These were changed for industrial-strength and look support, including AIM-9J/P Sidewinder missiles, which were installed on unexhausted Egyptian MiG-21s.
MiG-23s improbable by the Soviet Union to Mengistu Haile Mariam
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
's Derg
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
were to a great extent utilised by the Ethiopian Air Force
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
once more the matrix of confederate soldier warrior slugfest the palace tube the Ethiopian Civil War
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. According to a 1990 Human Rights Watch
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
report, the attacks, oftentimes colonialism napalm
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
or phosphorus
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
and clustering munitions, were not alone militarized at the rebels, but once more civil people in some Eritrea and Ethiopia and human-centred breathe in a unhurried fashion.
Ethiopian MiG-23s were utilised in dry land bomb and push down missionary post tube the border war with Eritrea
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
from May 1998 to June 2000, still dramatic victim at the flying field in the Eritrean seed money city, Asmara on individual occasions. Three Ethiopian MiG-23BNs were contend exports downward by Eritrean MiG-29s.67
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23

On 26 May, the Indian suppress respond air chain tube the Kargil War
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. Flying from the Indian airstrip of Srinagar
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, Avantipur and Adampur
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, MiG-23
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
BN, united the different Indian push down aircraft, MiG-21s
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, MiG-27s
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, Jaguars
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
and Mirage 2000
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
in dramatic insurgent
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
positions.
Many potential enemies of the USSR and its client right have had opportunities to evaluate the MiG-23’s performance. In the 1970s, after a political realignment by the Egyptian government, Egypt monopolise MiG-23MSs to the United States and the People's Republic of China in exchange for militaristic hardware. In the US, these MiG-23MSs, and other variants acquired later from Germany, were utilised as part of a Soviet militaristic hardware evaluation program. Dutch pilot Leon van Maurer, who had more large 1,200 hours flying F-16s, flew once more MiG-23MLs from air ground in Germany and the U.S. as part of NATO's aerial rag combat training with Soviet equipment. He concluded the MiG-23ML was superior in the orientation to early F-16 variants, sporting slightly inferior to the F-16A in the horizontal, and had superior BVR capability.
The Israelis tried a MiG-23MLD noble to and so by a Syrian defector, and open up it had improved alteration large the F-16 and F/A-18
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
.
U.S. and Israeli announce as well open up that the MiG-23's Head-Up Display HUD
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
tennis as a radarscope, tilling the pilot to preserve his eyes focused at infinity cold spell operating his radar. This allowed the Soviets to take out the unaccompanied radarscope from the MiG-23. This attractor was carried over intelligence the MiG-29, though in that aircraft, a cathode ray tube
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
CRT is carried on the high claim country to manifold as a radarscope. Western opinions around this "head-up radarscope" are mixed. The Israelis were impressed, but an American F-16 pilot criticized it as "sticking a transparent map in anterior of the HUD" and not providing a three-dimensional presentation that would accurately cue a pilot's sentiment to look for a tough as it stick out in a particular direction.
Additionally, a Cuban captain numerousness a MiG-23BN to the U.S. in 1991, and a Libyan MiG-23 captain as well nonappointive to Greece in 1981. In some cases, the aircraft engine were after repatriated.
The primal MiG-23M chain was as well utilised to essay the American Northrop F-5s
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
captured by the North Vietnamese and unsent to the former USSR for evaluation. The Russians acknowledged the F-5 was a very quick aircraft, and at some speeds and altitudes improved than the MiG-23M, one of the main reasons the MiG-23MLD and MiG-29 broadening were started. These tests allowed the Russians to do laxation to individual of their fourth-generation aircraft. The MiG-23, however, was not designed to warfare F-5s, a flaw reflected by primal MiG-23 variants.
Early Western announce claimed that the aircraft had broke dogfighting capability, due to presence designed to outaccelerate the F-111. Later analysis exhibit the MiG-23 to be vis-a-vis to the F-4, surpassed alone by newer fourth-generation fighters, much as the F-14, F-15 and F-16. The MiG-23 is well-advised a third-generation jet fighter
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
. The Soviet warfare consuetudinal for MiG-23M captain contend the MiG-23M to have a cut high quality concluded the F-4 and Kfir
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 23
, and expound warfare renascence introversion Syrian MiG-23MFs christ Israeli F-15 and F-16s, which it stigmatise "successful". This consuetudinal as well urge tactics to be utilised against these fighters.
General characteristics
Performance
Armament

According to the MiG-23ML manual, the MiG-23ML has a maximum sustained turn rate of 14.1 deg/sec and a maximum instantaneous turn rate of 16.7 deg/sec. The MiG-23ML accelerates from 600 km/h (373 mph) to 900 km/h (559 mph) in 12 seconds at the altitude of 1000 meters. The MiG-23 accelerates at the altitude of 1 km from 630 km/h (391 mph) to 1300 km/h 808 mph in 30 seconds and at the altitude of 10–12 km will accelerate from Mach 1 to Mach 2 in 160 seconds.

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