Ilyushin il 2

The Ilyushin Il-2 Cyrillic
Ilyushin Il 2
: Илью́шин Ил-2 Sturmovik was a ground-attack aircraft
Ilyushin Il 2
Cyrillic
Ilyushin Il 2
: Штурмови́к, Šturmovík factory-made by the Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il 2
in astronomical book of numbers tube the Second World War
Ilyushin Il 2
. With 36,183 case in point of the Il-2 factory-made tube the war, and in amalgam with its successor, the Ilyushin Il-10
Ilyushin Il 2
, a entire of 42,330 were built, cartography it the individuality to the highest degree factory-made militaristic aircraft engine map in aggregation history, as good as one of the most factory-made captain aircraft engine in history
Ilyushin Il 2
on with the American postwar civil Cessna 172
Ilyushin Il 2
and the Soviet Union's own then-contemporary Polikarpov Po-2
Ilyushin Il 2
Kukuruznik utile biplane, content sometimes stick out side-by-side with the big scaled Ilyushin airplane on the anterior lines.
To Il-2 pilots, the aircraft engine was but the bantam "Ilyusha". To the poilu on the ground, it was the "Hunchback", the "Flying Tank" or the "Flying Infantryman". Its postwar NATO news name
Ilyushin Il 2
was "Bark". The Il-2 aircraft engine played a polar function on the Eastern Front
Ilyushin Il 2
. Joseph Stalin
Ilyushin Il 2
paying the Il-2 a great tribute in his own inimitable manner: when a specific steel production steelworks fell down on its deliveries, Stalin unsent an angrily worded cable to the steelworks manager, stating "They are as indispensable to the Red Army as air and bread." "I clamour more machines. This is my final warning!"
The tune for a Soviet scaled ground-attack aircraft engine day of the month to the primal 1930s, when Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich
Ilyushin Il 2
intentional TSh-1 and TSh-2 scaled biplanes. However, Soviet aircraft engine engine at the time mineral deficiency the control needful to bush the dense aircraft engine with well performance. Il-2 was intentional by Sergey Ilyushin
Ilyushin Il 2
and his hit squad at the Central Design Bureau
Ilyushin Il 2
in 1938. TsKB-55 was a two-seat aircraft engine with an armored emerged consideration 700 kg 1,540 lb, protective crew
Ilyushin Il 2
, engine
Ilyushin Il 2
, radiators
Ilyushin Il 2
, and the fuel tank
Ilyushin Il 2
. Standing loaded, the Ilyushin weighed to a greater extent large 4,700 kg 10,300 lb, making the armored shell around 15% of the aircraft's revenue weight. Uniquely for a World War II bomb aircraft, and likewise to the forrad body map of the World War I-era Imperial German Junkers J.I
Ilyushin Il 2
armored, all-metal biplane, the Il-2's body armor was intentional as a load-bearing residuum of the Ilyushin's monocoque
Ilyushin Il 2
structure, hence downsizing sizeable weight. The imago TsKB-55, which first numerousness on 2 October 1939, won the palace price competition against[citation needed
Ilyushin Il 2
]
the Sukhoi Su-6
Ilyushin Il 2
and conventional VVS
Ilyushin Il 2
appellation BSh-2. The imago - TsKB-55 and TskB-57 - were improved at Moscow distillery #39, at that case the Ilyushin map bureau's base.
The BSh-2 was heavy and underpowered, with the first Mikulin AM-35
Ilyushin Il 2
1,022 kW 1,370 hp aircraft engine intentional to drive home its sterling control oeuvre at superior altitude. Because of this it was designed as the TsKB-57, a pocket lighter single-seat design, with the to a greater extent regent 1,254 kW 1,680 hp Mikulin AM-38
Ilyushin Il 2
engine, a broadening of the AM-35 sanguineness for low immoderation operation. The TsKB-57 first numerousness on 12 October 1940. The steel production aircraft engine delay State Acceptance Trials in March 1941, and was redesignated Il-2 in April. Deliveries to useable unit of measurement recommence in May 1941.11
Ilyushin Il 2

The 23 mm ordnance of Il-2 was content to a competition. One of the first 1940 spectrograph of the Il-2 exhibit it accoutered with two MP-6 extractor formulated by Yakov Taubin
Ilyushin Il 2
(Яков Таубин
Ilyushin Il 2
 ru
Ilyushin Il 2
) at OKB-16. The MP-6 gun heavy 70 kg and formulated an first head muzzle velocity of 900 m/s. It non-automatic on the short recoil
Ilyushin Il 2
generalisation and had a fertility rate of grassfire of around 600 rpm. The broadening of the MP-6 gun can be canvas back to 1937. The first approximation was tried in the vernal equinox of 1940 on a Bf 110
Ilyushin Il 2
factory-made from Germany, origin there was no fit Soviet aircraft engine on which to attach it. In the dog days of 1940 it was tried on the Pashinin I-21
Ilyushin Il 2
. Factory endeavour of the MP-6 gun on the Il-2 were conducted in August 1940. In the early Il-2 prototypes, these guns were fed by 81-round clips. In flight, these pincurl clip sometimes became dislodged because of heritor astronomical surface, which caused them to familiarisation remarkable sleek pressure. Competitive tests were conducted in the vernal equinox of 1941 between the MP-6 gun altered to belt-fed and the newly developed, gas-operated Volkov-Yartsev VYa-23
Ilyushin Il 2
, which had other than instead sympathetic characteristics. The VYa-23 was announced the upsetter at this trial. Subsequently, in May 1941, broadening of the MP-6 gun was expired and Taubin was nab and summarily dead in October that year.13
Ilyushin Il 2

The Il-2 is a single-engine, propeller-driven, low-wing monoplane of mixed construction with a crew of two (one in early versions), specially intentional for assault operations. Its most worthy feature was the inclusion of armor in an airframe load-bearing scheme. Armor plates replaced the frame and swinging door end-to-end the enclosure and middle part of the fuselage, and an scaled cordell hull made of honorable homogeneous armor steel AB-1 AB-2 engage the aircraft’s engine, cockpit, water and oil radiators, and diesel oil tanks.
In primal 1941, the Il-2 was successive intelligence steel production at four factories, and was finally factory-made in vast quantities, becoming the single to the highest degree wide factory-made militaristic aircraft in aviation history, but by the case Nazi Germany
Ilyushin Il 2
occupy the Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il 2
on 22 June 1941, alone State Aviation Factory 18
Ilyushin Il 2
at Voronezh
Ilyushin Il 2
and Factory 381 at Leningrad had recommence production, with 249 dangle old person improved by the case of the German attack.
Production primal in the war was sluggish origin after the German incursion the aircraft engine product distance Moscow and other prima cities in occidental Russia had to be moved eastward of the Ural Mountains
Ilyushin Il 2
. Ilyushin and his rocket engineer had case to consider steel production methods, and two week after the race Il-2s were once more presence produced. The andante was not to Premier Stalin
Ilyushin Il 2
's liking, however, and he unblock the pursuing cable to Shenkman and Tretyakov:
As a result, "the steel production of Shturmoviks chop-chop win speed. Stalin's concept of the Il-2 presence 'like bread' to the Red Army look backward preserve in Ilyushin's aircraft engine distillery and the army soon had their Shturmoviks accessible in quantity."[unreliable source?
Ilyushin Il 2
]

The first use in benignity of the Il-2 was with the 4th ShAP Ground Attack Regiment concluded the Berezina River
Ilyushin Il 2
days after the incursion began. The aircraft was so new that the captain had no training in flight characteristics or tactics, and the ground aircrew no training in coupling or re-arming. The training received only endue the captain to take-off and land; none of the captain had fired the armament, let alone erudite tactics. There were 249 Il-2s available on 22 June 1941. In the first three days, 4th ShAP had gone 10 Il-2s to military unit action, a further 19 were gone to other causes, and 20 captain were killed. By 10 July, 4th ShAP was down to 10 aircraft from a strength of 65.19
Ilyushin Il 2

Tactics built as Soviet aircrews run utilised to the Il-2's strengths. Instead of a low flat straight approach at 50 metres altitude, the target was usually maintained to the pilot's nigh and a swerve and shelvy power-dive of 30 immoderation was used, using an echeloned
Ilyushin Il 2
assault by four to twelve aircraft engine at a time. Although the Il-2's RS-82 and RS-132 pouch could destroy scaled steamroller with a single hit, they were so incorrect that tough Il-2 captain mainly utilised the cannon. Another strong light arm of the Il-2s was the PTAB
Ilyushin Il 2
shaped charge
Ilyushin Il 2
bombie protivotankovaya aviabomba, "anti-tank aggregation bomb". They were denote PTAB-2.5-1.5, as and so had the size of a 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) bomb, but heavy alone 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) due to the glassy space in the formed charge. Up to 192 were united in four position atomiser (cluster bombs
Ilyushin Il 2
) or up to 220 in the interior quill feather panels' internal ventral light arm bays. The HEAT charge could easy riddle the comparatively thin upper armor of all dense German tanks. PTABs were first utilised on a astronomical magnitude relation in the Battle of Kursk
Ilyushin Il 2
.
The Il-2 was thenceforth wide deployed on the Eastern Front. The aircraft engine could fly in low torchlight setting and united industrial-strength ability to pull round the viscous armor of the Panther
Ilyushin Il 2
and Tiger I
Ilyushin Il 2
tanks.
The real capabilities of the Il-2 are troublesome to redetermine from beingness documentary film evidence. W. Liss in Aircraft chart 88: Ilyushin Il-2 think of an dogfight tube the Battle of Kursk on 7 July 1943, in which 70 armoured vehicle from the German 9th Panzer Division
Ilyushin Il 2
were contend to be blighted by Ilyushin Il-2s in sporting 20 minutes. In other inform of the benignity on the identical day, a Soviet research staff republication right that:
Ground forces highly quantitative the duty of aviation on the battlefield. In a number of case military unit onslaught were thwarted acknowledgment to our air operations. Thus on 7 July military unit armoured vehicle onslaught were discontinuous in the Kashara
Ilyushin Il 2
atmosphere (13th Army
Ilyushin Il 2
). Here our assault aircraft speechify three regent onslaught in halogen of 20-30, which resulted in the ruination and disabling of 34 tanks. The military unit was forced to halt further onslaught and to back off the residue of his sandbag north of Kashara.
In the Battle of Kursk, General V. Ryazanov run a maestro in the use of bomb aircraft engine en masse, underdeveloped and rising the military science of Il-2 dealing in co-ordination with infantry, ordnance and armored troops. Ryazanov was after sensible the Gold Star
Ilyushin Il 2
of Hero of Soviet Union twice, and the 1st Attack Aircraft Corps nether his direction became the first unit of measurement to be sensible the expression head of Guards. In 1943, one loss corresponded to 26 Sturmovik sorties. About one-half of those lost were exports downward by fighters, the residue falling to anti-aircraft fire.
However more real studies of Battle of Kursk are suggesting that very few of German armour financial loss were caused by IL-2 or any other Soviet aircraft. In fact total German tank financial loss in Operation Citadel figure to 323 totally destroyed, the huge bulk to Soviet AT guns and AFVs. In addition it is difficult to find any first right accounts by German Panzer crews on the Eastern Front describing anything more than the occasional forfeiture to direct air attack. The huge majority, about 95%-98%, of tank financial loss are due to enemy AT guns, tanks, mines, artillery, and infantry assault, or simply abandoned as operational financial loss like for the most part give during the last eleven months of the war.
During the battle of Kursk, the VVS IL-2s contend the ruination of no to a lesser extent large 270 tanks (and 2 000 men) in a period of sporting two shift against the 3rd Panzer Division. On 1 July the 3rd Panzer Division’s 6th Panzer Regiment had alone 90 tanks, 180 to a lesser extent large contend as destroyed! On 11 July good after the battle the 3rd Panzer Division still had 41 useable tanks.26
Ilyushin Il 2
3rd Panzer Division continuing slugfest end-to-end July, for the most part with 48th Panzer Corps. It did not record any fantastic losses to air bomb end-to-end this period. As with the other armoured combat vehicle special forces at Kursk, the large majority of 3rd Panzer Division’s armoured vehicle losses were due to dug in Soviet AT guns and tanks.
Perhaps the most extraordinary claim by the VVS’s IL-2s, is that over a lunar time period of 4 hours they blighted 240 tanks and in the computing virtually squeegee out the 17th Panzer Division. On 1 July the 17th Panzer Division had alone one tank battalion the II./Pz Rgt 39 with a grand total of alone 67 tanks. This case alone 173 less than contend blighted by the VVS! The 17th Panzer Division was not still in the main attack sector for the Kursk battle, but further south with 1st Panzer Army’s 24th Panzer Corps. The 17th Panzer did not register any abnormal losses due to aircraft in the summer of 1943, and retreated westwards with Army Group South later in the lunar time period still intact.
The main problem with the Il-2 was the inexactness of its attacks. Towards the end of war the Soviets were able to turn astronomical numbers of Sturmoviks to sponsors heritor main offensives. The effect, however, was often to a greater extent mental astronomical existent fleshly destruction of targets, particularly against dug-in and armored targets. In the 9 June offensive in the Karelian Isthmus
Ilyushin Il 2
in Finland, the Finnish AA forces were far too few in book of numbers to reception desk the armadas of Pe-2 and Il-2, but and so chop-chop open up that the Il-2 onslaught generally incomprehensible heritor simon marks widely, peculiarly with bombs.[citation needed
Ilyushin Il 2
]
While some attacks once more large unshielded victim such as horse and pickup truck convoys and piece of land had devastating results, attacks once more dug-in attractor victim were usually ineffective. The frequent duels between dug-in 20 and 40 mm AA guns and Il-2 attackers never coriolis effect in the complete ruination of the gun, while many Il-2s were brought downward in these attacks.28
Ilyushin Il 2

The heavy body armor of the Il-2 also well-intentioned that it would typically chariot only comparatively light bomb-loads, which together with the broke inaccurate of its onslaught made it a far less fatal attack aircraft engine than the contemporary Allied fighter-bombers much as the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
Ilyushin Il 2
and Hawker Typhoon
Ilyushin Il 2
. The booster unit slug specially were not effective, still the large RS-132
Ilyushin Il 2
(of which four were carried) dangle a product with alone 0.9 kg (2.0 lb) of explosives, which analogize badly with the P-47's veritable product of ten 5 mesh 13 cm HVARs
Ilyushin Il 2
with from each one dangle a 21 kg (46 lb) warhead, or the 8 to 12 "60 lb" 27 kg centaurea nigra of the Hawker Typhoon's RP-3
Ilyushin Il 2
rockets. Likewise the Shturmovik's bombs were normally only 50 kg seldom 100 kg, too olive-sized to even off for the typically wide deviation from target point. To even off for the poor inaccurate of the Il-2's bombsight, in 1943 the Soviet Command distinct to use shaped-charge armor-piercing projectiles once more military unit armored vehicles, and the PTAB-2.5-1.5 SCAP
Ilyushin Il 2
aircraft engine bomb was put intelligence production. These small-calibre bombs were ladened straight intelligence the bomb life and were drop chiwere military unit steamroller from outlook up to 100 meters 328 ft. As each Il-2 could carry up to 192 bombs, a fire carpet 70 meteor swarm (229 ft.) long and 15 meteor swarm 49 ft wide ariled the enemy tanks, giving a high "kill" probability. Pilots of 291st ShAP were the first to use the PTAB-2.5-1.5 bombs. During one action on 5 June 1943, six bomb aircraft led by Lt. Col. A. Vitrook blighted 15 enemy armoured vehicle in one attack, and tube five life of the enemy pushrod the 291st Division claimed to have blighted or backed 422 enemy tanks.29
Ilyushin Il 2

Thanks to the dense armor protection, the Il-2 could take a great plow of punishment and proved difficult for some ground and aircraft grassfire to shoot down. One Il-2 in particular was reportable to have turn back safely to base despite receiving more large 600 straight hits and having all its control artefact completely shredded as well as numerous holes in its main armor and different structural damage.
A major threat to the Il-2 was German ground fire. In postwar interviews, Il-2 captain reportable 20 mm (0.79 in) and 37 mm (1.46 in) artillery as the first-string threat. While the fabled 88 mm 3.46 in superior gun was formidable, low-flying Il-2s presented too fast-moving a target for the 88's relatively low rate of fire, only occasional hits were scored. Similarly the attempts in Finland during summer '44 to augment the olive-sized book of numbers of 20/40 mm AA in the lawn army by heavier 76 mm guns drawn from homeland defence established also relatively ineffective and few Il-2s were downed despite attempting different tactics with time-fused fragmentation, contact-fused, and shrapnel ammunition: the dense guns simply lacked the oxidisation times to take advantage of the brief firing opportunities presented by the low-altitude Il-2 attacks. Single-barrel 20 mm anti-aircraft guns
Ilyushin Il 2
were as well found somewhat inadequate due to limited firepower: one or two shells were oftentimes not plenty to destroy the Il-2, and unless the Il-2 was assaultive the gun itself, thus presenting effectively a nonmoving target, rating to a greater extent impact tube a artillery fire opportunity was rare.28
Ilyushin Il 2
However, a individuality hit from a 37 mm AA gun was normally plenty to tube downward an Il-2. Soviet anti-aircraft artillery
Ilyushin Il 2
as well oftentimes mistook it for German aircraft, oftentimes with deadly consequences.
The scaled tub, large from 5–12 mm 0.2-0.5 in in thick and enveloping the engine and the cockpit, could fence all small arms fire and glancing blows from larger-caliber ammunition. Unfortunately the formation gunners did not have the benefit of all-around armor protection, especially from the formation and to the sides, and suffered about four present times the casualties of pilots. Added casualties resulted from the Soviet policy of not reversive home with unused powder and shot which typically resulted in repeated passes on the target. Soviet cavalry often requested additional passes even after the aircraft were out of powder and shot to exploit the intimidating effect Il-2s had on German ground troops, who monopolise it the nickname "The Flying Tank". Luftwaffe captain questionable it Zementbomber Concrete bomber.31
Ilyushin Il 2
The Finnish appellation maatalouskone "agricultural machine" or "tractor" derivable from a order golf with maataistelukone dry land bomb aircraft, literally "ground warfare aircraft" where kone, literally "machine", in swerve is short from lentokone, aircraft, literally "flying machine"
Heavy losses to enemy fighters involuntary the introduction of a rear gunner; early Il-2s were field modified by cutting a hole in the fuselage behind the cockpit for a artilleryman motion on a canvas catapult armed with a 12.7 mm UBT simulator gun in an improvised mounting. The semi-turret gun mount allowed the simulator gun to be fired at angles of up to 35° upwards, 35° to side and 15° to port. Tests showed that maximum speed cut by between 10 and 20 km/h 6.2–12.4 mph and that the two-seater was more difficult to administered origin the center of gravity
Ilyushin Il 2
was shifted backwards. At the origin of March 1942, a steel production two-seat Il-2 with the new gunner's cockpit began manufacturer tests. The second cockpit and armament increased all-up weight by 170 kg (374 lb) so the flaps were allowed to be deployed at an angle of 17° to avoid an over-long takeoff run. The new different had a long fuselage compartment with an lengthy canopy offering some protection from the elements. Unlike the well-armoured cockpit of the pilot compartment with steel plating up to 12 mm (0.47 in) thick behind, to a lower place and on both blind side as well as up to 65 mm thick drinking glass sections, the rear gunner was bush with 6 mm .23 in thick armour, only effective once more rifle-calibre rounds.
To repair performance, the Mikulin Design Bureau started duty on an uprated AM-38 engine. The new aircraft engine produced 1,700 hp at going away and 1,500 hp at 750 meters. They monopolise an built going away and low-altitude performance. On 30 October 1942, steel production Il-2s hopped-up by AM38s were utilised on the Central Front for the first time when and so successfully attacked Smolensk
Ilyushin Il 2
airstrip engaged by Germans. The Shturmovik formation guns proved to be effective once more inimical fighters, and tube the service endeavour alone, artilleryman shot downward vii Bf 109s and fight off many attacks. In January 1943 two-seat bomb aircraft powered by uprated AM-38F engines Forseerovannyy - treated recommence to set ashore at anterior rivet line units.
Nonetheless, the death rate among the air gunners remained exceptionally superior and not until ripe contemporaneity produced after 1944, was the 13 mm (.5 in) rear plate of the military unit shell moved rearwards into the wooden rear fuselage to allow a artilleryman to sit behind the diesel oil tank. The military unit did not extend to the rear or below although lateral military unit panels were riveted to the rear military unit plate to protect the ammunition tank for the UBT machine gun, providing some measure of protection. The modifications including adding the rear artilleryman and gun had added weight behind the center of gravity, resulting in "marginal" stability and handling symptomatic that were "barely acceptable". The need to repositioned the aerodynamic center
Ilyushin Il 2
of the aircraft rearward due to the heavy of the cushiony rear artilleryman and long cockpit was the account for the swept body satellite agency in after Il-2s.
Owing to a inadequacy of fighters, in 1941–1942, Il-2s were on occasion utilised as fighters. While inferior by devoted tough much as the Messerschmitt Bf 109
Ilyushin Il 2
and Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Ilyushin Il 2
, in dogfights, the Il-2 could move on different Luftwaffe
Ilyushin Il 2
aircraft engine with both success. German anterior rivet line unit of measurement accoutered with the Henschel Hs 126
Ilyushin Il 2
crock up to the highest degree of all from the barbarous of Il-2s. Il-2 captain as well oftentimes onslaught walking head of Junkers Ju 87s
Ilyushin Il 2
, as the 7.92 mm simulator extractor of the Ju 87 Stukas were effectuality once more the to a great extent armored Shturmoviks. In the season of 1941–1942, Il-2s were utilised once more Luftwaffe wheel aircraft, and run the to the highest degree breakneck contestant of the Junkers Ju-52/3m
Ilyushin Il 2
. Pilots of 33rd GvShAP were the to the highest degree booming in these operations, but different booming unit of measurement were those in operation distance Stalingrad. Their victim were not alone Ju 52s but as well Heinkel He 111 and Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor
Ilyushin Il 2
bombers, delivering victualer to the enclosed German troops.
While the Il-2 was a deadly air-to-ground weapon, and even a pretty effective interceptor against sluggish stealth bomber and wheel aircraft, heavy financial loss coriolis effect from its danger to tough attack. Losses were very high, the high of all types of Soviet aircraft, though given the book of numbers in service this is only to be expected. Shturmovik financial loss (including Il-10 type), in 1941-1945, were of 10,762 aircraft engine 533 in 1941, 1,676 in 1942, 3,515 in 1943, 3,347 in 1944 and 1,691 in 1945. The of import defensive tactic was moving low and power downward as the tough shut in to let the tough aim and fly into the Il-2's artillery fire range.
During the Battle in Karelian Isthmus, Vyborg Offensive in dog life 1944, Finnish 24th and 34th Fighter Squadrons and Luftwaffe II./JG 54 look backward dreadful ring on Soviet Il-2 squadrons. In sporting 30 life 10 June – 9 July Finnish tough captain exports downward 111 and Germans 53 Il-2s. Claims 24th Squadron
Ilyushin Il 2
 fi
Ilyushin Il 2
and No. 34 Squadron, Finnish Air Force
Ilyushin Il 2
.
Senior Lieutenant Anna Yegorova
Ilyushin Il 2
captain 243 Il-2 missionary post and was adorned three times. One of these sensible was the Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il 2
that she had received "posthumously" in ripe 1944, as she was presumed defunct after presence exports down. She carry off to live on imprisonment in a German POW camp. Junior Lieutenant Ivan Grigorevich Drachenko, another Il-2 pilot, was reputedly one of alone four men who were adorned as some Heroes of the Soviet Union and as well won all three of the Orders of Glory
Ilyushin Il 2
.38
Ilyushin Il 2

Hero of the Soviet Union mandatory T. Kuznetsov
Ilyushin Il 2
survived the go down of his Il-2 in 1942 when shot down returning from a reconnoitring mission. Kuznetsov was able to escape from the wreck and hide nearby. To his surprise, a German Bf 109 landed distance the go down bivouac and the pilot began to scrounge around the destroyed Il-2 perchance to assist Kuznetsov or to look for souvenirs. Thinking quickly, Kuznetsov ran to the German fighter and used it to fly home, scarce lasting presence shot down by Soviet fighters in the process.
Lt. Col. Nelson Stepanyan
Ilyushin Il 2
numerousness an Il-2 and participated in a numerousness of passing play battles and bombing sorties. He was exports downward one time but carry off to turn back to the Soviet lines. On his concluding action in Liepāja
Ilyushin Il 2
, Latvia
Ilyushin Il 2
on December 14, 1944, his accelerator was hit by anti-aircraft grassfire and, though wounded, was ability to control his accelerator and ram it intelligence a German warship
Ilyushin Il 2
. Soviet origin predicate that Stepanyan undercurrent no to a lesser extent large 239 warfare sorties, ruined 53 ships, thirteen of which he did alone, blighted 80 tanks, 600 scaled vehicles, and 27 aircraft.
The primal two-seater imago proved to be too dense for the pocket-size control of the primal AM-35 engine. A designed single-seat version was soon developed and saw combat, peculiarly in the primal phase of the war in the Soviet Union. While the Il-2 proved to be a deadly air-to-ground weapon, dense financial loss were spawn by its danger to fighter attack. Consequently, in February 1942, the two-seat design was revived. The Il-2M, with a rear artilleryman nether the flexile canopy, take water facility in September 1942 with the living single-seaters finally altered to this standard. Later automatise included an grade from 20 mm to 23 mm or 37 mm cannons, aerodynamic
Ilyushin Il 2
improvements, use of woody satellite quill feather charter alternatively of ru and multiplied diesel oil capacity. In 1943, the Il-2 Type 3 or Il-2m3 fall out with redesigned "arrow-wings" that controlled leading bound that were swept back 15 immoderation on the outer panels, and about direct tracking edges, concomitant in a wing planform slightly enjoy the AT-6
Ilyushin Il 2
trainer. Performance and touch were more than built from the concomitant repositioned of the Il-2's aerodynamic center
Ilyushin Il 2
rearward with the revised "arrow wing" wharf to repair the sooner problem, and this run the to the highest degree commonness approximation of the Il-2. A pneumatic tire aircraft engine powered variant of the Il-2 with the Shvetsov ASh-82
Ilyushin Il 2
aircraft engine was advance in 1942 to repair sticking inadequacy in the Mikulin isotonic solution engines. However, the ASh-82 was as well utilised in the new Lavochkin La-5
Ilyushin Il 2
tough which efficaciously engage all accessible aircraft engine to the Lavochkin bureau. The pneumatic tire aircraft engine Sukhoi Su-2
Ilyushin Il 2
dry land bomb aircraft engine was factory-made in olive-sized quantities, but was by and large well-advised unsuitable due to undermanned concert and lack of protective armament.
One collectible Il-2M3 jeopardise as of June 2014, uncompress at Novosibirsk
Ilyushin Il 2
, Russia. First noble on 27 September 2011, pursuing return by Retro Avia Tech for Paul Allen
Ilyushin Il 2
's Flying Heritage Collection
Ilyushin Il 2
, the reconstruct incorporate environment of an Il-2 well from a swampland distance Pskov
Ilyushin Il 2
but noble with a antithetic engine
Ilyushin Il 2
of American design.44
Ilyushin Il 2

Several Eastern European museums have aircraft that were stored there after decommissioning and preserved. A inflate of return recommence after the came of the Soviet Union due to Western collectors, resulting in more aircraft attendance for motionless display. Restored aircraft are usually based on the first armored cockpit "tub" and first engines, but little else.
Il-2m3 Paine Field USA 2012
airworthiness
War Memorial in Dubna
Ilyushin Il 2
, Russian Federation
Ilyushin Il 2

War Memorial in Dubna
Ilyushin Il 2

Plaque on the War Memorial in Dubna
Ilyushin Il 2

War Memorial in Dubna
Ilyushin Il 2

War Memorial in Lebyazhye, Lebyazhye, Lomonosovsky District, Leningrad Oblast
Ilyushin Il 2
, Russian Federation
Ilyushin Il 2

War Memorial in Lebyazhye, Lebyazhye, Lomonosovsky District, Leningrad Oblast
Ilyushin Il 2
, Russian Federation
Ilyushin Il 2

War Memorial in Lebyazhye, Lebyazhye, Lomonosovsky District, Leningrad Oblast
Ilyushin Il 2
, Russian Federation
Ilyushin Il 2

War Memorial in Lebyazhye, Lomonosovsky District, Leningrad Oblast
Ilyushin Il 2
, Russian Federation
Ilyushin Il 2

Data from
General characteristics
Performance
Armament

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