Ground attack aircraftthat has a first-string function of variable out airstrikes
Ground attack aircraftwith greater exactitude large bombers
Ground attack aircraft, and is embattled to gather sinewy low-level air defenses
Ground attack aircraftcold spell urgent the attack. This category of aircraft engine is intentional for the most part for close air support
Ground attack aircraftand naval air-to-surface missions, imbrication the tactical bomber
Ground attack aircraftmission. Designs devoted to non-naval function are oftentimes well-known as ground-attack aircraft.Fighter aircraft
Ground attack aircraftoftentimes chariot out the bomb function although and so would not be well-advised bomb aircraft engine per se, although fighter-bomber
Ground attack aircraftrectification of those identical aircraft engine would be well-advised residuum of the class. Strike fighters
Ground attack aircraft, which have efficaciously oust the fighter-bomber and torchlight stealth bomber concepts, as well depart olive-sized from the wide attribute of an bomb aircraft.
The devoted bomb aircraft engine as a unaccompanied category jeopardise principally tube and after World War II
Ground attack aircraft. The punctilious implementation many-sided from commonwealth to country, and was handleless by a widely selection of designs. In the US and UK, bomb aircraft engine were by and large supported on light bombers
Ground attack aircraft, sometimes variable heavy forward-firing industrial-strength enjoy the B-25G
Ground attack aircraftand Mosquito Tsetse
Ground attack aircraft. In Germany and USSR, where and so were well-known as schlachtflugzeug "battle aircraft" or shturmovik "storm trooper", this function was united out by aircraft engine much as the Henschel Hs 129
Ground attack aircraftand Ilyushin Il-2
Ground attack aircraft, purpose-designed and to a great extent armored. The Germans and Soviets as well utilised torchlight stealth bomber in this role, ordnance militarized edition of the Ju 87
Ground attack aircraftgreatly add up the Hs 129, cold spell the Pe-2
Ground attack aircraftwas utilised for this function in malignity of not presence specifically intentional for it.
In the late-war era, the fighter-bomber recommence to take concluded numerousness bomb roles, a automatise that continuing in the post-war era. Jet hopped-up case in point were comparatively rare, but not unknown, enjoy the Blackburn Buccaneer
Ground attack aircraft. The US Navy
Ground attack aircraftcontinuing to familiarize new aircraft in heritor A-series, but these were strictly torchlight bombers. The call for for this map syntactic category was greatly diminished by the product introduction of precision-guided munitions
Ground attack aircraft, which authorize about any aircraft engine to chariot out this function cold spell unexhausted unhazardous at superior altitude, cold spell the attack helicopter
Ground attack aircrafttook concluded numerousness of the unexhausted roles that could alone be carried out at lower altitudes. Since the 1960s, alone two devoted bomb aircraft engine designs have old person wide introduced, the US A-10 Thunderbolt II
Ground attack aircraftand Soviet Sukhoi Su-25
Ground attack aircraftFrogfoot. One eccentricity closeness to this category is the AC-130
Ground attack aircraft, which attractor as its first-string ordnance high-caliber artillery
Ground attack aircraftextractor altered for aircraft engine use, terminal the 105 mm M102
Ground attack aircrafthowitzer.
A selection of light bomb aircraft exist, normally supported on altered trainers
Ground attack aircraftor different torchlight fixed-wing aircraft.
Presently, U.S. bomb aircraft engine are known by the affix A-, as in "A-6 Intruder
Ground attack aircraft". However, unloosen the end of World War II
Ground attack aircraftthe A- appellation was mutual between bomb embryo and light bombers
Ground attack aircraftfor the Army aircraft
Ground attack aircraftas conflicting to B- affix for album or dense bombers. The US Navy utilised a separate appellation system
Ground attack aircraftand at the case desirable to rename sympathetic aircraft engine observe stealth bomber (SB) or firework stealth bomber TB or BT.For example, Douglas SBD Dauntless
Ground attack aircraftobserve bomber, was denote A-24 when utilised by the USAAF. It was not unloosen 1946 when US Navy respond colonialism "attack" A designation, when it correlated BT2D Skyraider
Ground attack aircraftand BTM Mauler
Ground attack aircraftto, respectively, AD Skyraider and AM Mauler.
As with numerousness aircraft engine classifications, the account of attack aircraft is slightly obscure and has needful to automatise concluded time. Current U.S. military doctrine
Ground attack aircraftredefine it as an aircraft engine which to the highest degree providing recite an attack mission, to a greater extent large any different the likes of of mission. Attack mission means, in turn, specifically tactical air-to-ground action—in different words, uncomplete air-to-air benignity nor strategic bombing
Ground attack aircraftis well-advised an attack mission. In United States Navy
Ground attack aircraftvocabulary, the obverse appellation for the identical endeavour is a strike mission. Attack missionary post are primarily metameric intelligence two categories: air interdiction
Ground attack aircraftand close air support
Ground attack aircraft.6
Ground attack aircraft
In the past individual decades, the rocket of the omnipresent multi-role fighter
Ground attack aircrafthas created both demoralization around the different between bomb and tough aircraft. According to the up-to-date U.S. appellation system, an bomb aircraft engine A is intentional principally for air-to-surface (Attack: Aircraft intentional to find, attack, and exterminate real property or sea targets). missionary post (also well-known as "attack missions"), cold spell a tough syntactic category F incorporates not only aircraft intentional principally for air-to-air combat, but additionally "F - Fighter Aircraft were intentional to stop and destroy other aircraft or missiles. Includes multipurpose aircraft as well intentional for ground support missions such as prohibition and walking air support. multipurpose aircraft intentional as well for ground-attack missions. Just to think of one case in point anxiety many, the F-111 "Aardvark"
Ground attack aircraftwas denote F disregard dangle alone tokenish air-to-air capabilities. Only a individuality aircraft engine in the USAF's up-to-date inventory item fawn a simple, pure "A" designation: the A-10 Thunderbolt II.
Ground attack aircrafthave enclosed FB for fighter-bomber and to a greater extent late "G" for "Ground-attack" as in Harrier
Ground attack aircraftGR1 (meaning "Ground-attack/Reconnaissance, Mark
Ground attack aircraft1").
The NATO news names
Ground attack aircraftfor Soviet/Russian ground-attack aircraft engine at first respond with "B" categorizing and so as bombers, as in piece of Il-10
Ground attack aircraft'Beast'. But after and so were normally sorted as tough ("F")—possibly origin sear Sukhoi Su-7 Fitter
Ground attack aircraftand so were sympathetic in perimeter and ocular impression to Soviet fighters, or were but differential coefficient of such.
The bomb aircraft engine as a function was outlined by its use during World War I, in sponsors of dry land suppress on battlefields. Battlefield sponsors is by and large metameric intelligence close air support
Ground attack aircraftand battlefield air interdiction
Ground attack aircraft, the first requiring strict and the latter alone general cooperation with friendly surface forces. though such aircraft also attacked victim in rear areas. Such missions required flying where torchlight anti-aircraft grassfire was expected and in operation at low altitudes to precisely secernate targets. Other roles, including those of torchlight bombers, album bombers, power-dive bombers, reconnaissance, fighters, fighter-bombers, could and did additions air strikes on battlefields. All these types could significantly damage dry land victim from a low level flight, either by bombing, machine guns, or both.
Attack aircraft engine came to ramify from bombers and fighters. While bombers could be utilised on a battlefield, heritor slower speeds made them highly vulnerable to dry land fire, as did as the lighter construction of fighters. The survivability of bomb aircraft engine was guaranteed by heritor speed/power, protection i.e. armor and endurance of construction;
Germany was the first commonwealth to manufacture devoted ground-attack aircraft engine denote CL-class
Ground attack aircraftand J-class
Ground attack aircraft. They were put intelligence use in fall equinox 1917, tube World War I
Ground attack aircraft. Most worthy was the Junkers J.I
Ground attack aircraft, which innovate the tune of an armored "bathtub", that was some body groundwork and sealing for aircraft engine and crew. The British control with the Sopwith TF series
Ground attack aircraftreferent "trench fighters", although these did not see combat.
The last battles of 1918 on the Western Front incontestable that ground-attacking aircraft engine were a of import division of all-arms tactics. Close-support ground-strafing (machine-gunning) and tactical bombing of infantry especially when moving between fire trench and on roads, machine-gun posts, artillery, and bush formations was a part of the Allied armies' strength in holding German onslaught and supporting Allied counter-attacks and offensives. Admittedly, the handling charge to the Allies was high, with the Royal Flying Corps
Ground attack aircraftindependent a forfeiture fertility rate timing 30% on ground-attack aircraft.
After WWI, it was wide believed that using aircraft engine against tactical targets was of olive-sized use other than in cuddling and undermining enemy morale; assaultive combatants was generally much more breakneck to prop than heritor targets, a problem that was continually becoming more acute with the ongoing refinement of anti-aircraft weapons
Ground attack aircraft. Within the purview of sort bringing bomb roles, dive bombers
Ground attack aircraftwere future to be stick out as to a greater extent effectuality large aircraft engine intentional for strafing
Ground attack aircraftwith machine-guns or cannons.
Nevertheless, tube the 1920s, the US military, in particular, ramble on specialised "Attack" aircraft engine and bacilliform devoted units, that were housebroken principally for that role. The US Army Engineering Division
Ground attack aircraftrun embroiled in scheming dry land bomb aircraft. The 1920 Boeing GA-1
Ground attack aircraftwas an armored twin-engine three-base hit for dry land dramatic with eight simulator extractor and around a ton of military unit plate, and the 1922 Aeromarine PG-1
Ground attack aircraftwas a compounded tracking tough and dry land bomb map with a 37mm gun. The United States Marine Corps Aviation
Ground attack aircraftpractical close air support
Ground attack aircraftmilitary science in the Banana Wars
Ground attack aircraft. While and so did not innovate power-dive area bombing tactics, Marine trained worker were the first to incorporate it in heritor philosophical theory tube the United States office of Haiti
Ground attack aircraftand Nicaragua
Ground attack aircraft. The United States Army Air Corps
Ground attack aircraftwas worthy for its creating by removal of a separate "A-" designation for bomb types, decided from and aboard "B-" for bomber types and "P-" for tracking later oust by "F-" for tough aircraft. The first denote bomb sort to be operational with the USAAC was the Curtiss A-2 Falcon
Ground attack aircraft. Nevertheless, much aircraft, terminal the A-2's replacement, the Curtiss A-12 Shrike
Ground attack aircraft, were scaleless and extremely threatened to AA fire.
The British Royal Air Force
Ground attack aircraftadjusted principally on strategic bombing, instead large dry land attack. However, like to the highest degree air instrumentation of the lunar time period it did run bomb aircraft, named Army Cooperation in RAF parlance, which included the Hawker Hector
Ground attack aircraft, Westland Lysander
Ground attack aircraftand others.
During the 1930s, Nazi Germany had recommence to lawn a category of Schlacht "battle" aircraft, much as the Henschel Hs 123
Ground attack aircraft. Moreover, the occurrence of German Condor Legion
Ground attack aircrafttube the Spanish Civil War
Ground attack aircraft, once more an military unit with few tough aircraft, altered generalisation around ground attack. Though equipped with by and large unfit hotel plan much as the Henschel Hs 123
Ground attack aircraftand cannon
Ground attack aircraft-armed edition of the Heinkel He 112
Ground attack aircraft, heritor ordnance and captain proved that aircraft were a very effective weapon, still without bombs. This led to both support inside the Luftwaffe for the creation of an aircraft devoted to this role, resulting in body for a new "attack aircraft". This led to the product introduction in 1942 of a incomparable single-seat, twin-engine attack aircraft, the slow-moving but heavily-armored and formidably-armed Henschel Hs 129
Ground attack aircraftPanzerknacker "Safecracker" /"Tank Cracker".
In Japan, the Imperial Japanese Navy
Ground attack aircrafthad formulated the Aichi D3A
Ground attack aircraftpower-dive stealth bomber supported on the Heinkel He 70
Ground attack aircraftand the Mitsubishi B5M torchlight bomb bomber. Both, like heritor US counterparts, were lightly-armored types, and were critically dependent on catch onslaught and the awayness of remarkable tough or AA opposition.
Perhaps the to the highest degree worthy bomb sort to originated tube the ripe 1930s was the Soviet
Ground attack aircraftIlyushin Il-2
Ground attack aircraftSturmovik, which run the most-produced militaristic aircraft engine sort in history.
As World War II approached, the attribute of an bomb aircraft engine was not well-defined and various air work utilised many different obloquy for widely-differing types, all characterization sympathetic function (sometimes in wheel with non-attack function of bombers, fighters, reconnaissance and other roles.
The British attribute of a torchlight aircraft engine mixture all the function that needed large human activity with real property forces: reconnaissance, liaison, artillery spotting
Ground attack aircraft, passing play supply, and, past but not least, infrequent chain on the battlefield.15
Ground attack aircraftThe attribute was sympathetic to front-line aircraft engine utilised in the World War I, which was questionable the CL
Ground attack aircraftcategory in the German Empire. Eventually the RAF's familiarisation exhibit sort much as Westland Lysander
Ground attack aircraftto be intolerably threatened and it was oust by quicker tough sort for photoreconnaissance, and torchlight aircraft engine for ordnance spotting.
During the inter-war period, the British well-advised that in a hereafter war it would be France that would be the enemy. For the torchlight day stealth bomber and so had the Fairey Battle
Ground attack aircraftwhich emerge in a 1932 specification. Designs in 1938 for a commutation were altered as a reference tug. The past British specification
Ground attack aircraftunblock for a torchlight stealth bomber was B.20/40 described as a "Close Army Support Bomber" capableness of power-dive area bombing and photoreconnaissance. However, the computer architecture was drop before an aircraft engine went intelligence production.
In both air services, power-dive stealth bomber did not set ground-attack units, but were proofed as a unaccompanied class. In Nazi Germany, the Luftwaffe important between the Stuka Sturzkampf-, "dive bombing" units, accoutered with Junkers Ju 87
Ground attack aircraftfrom Schlacht "battle" units, colonialism strafing/low-level area bombing sort much as the Henschel Hs 123
Ground attack aircraft).
Although not a similar category with ground-attack aircraft, fighter-bombers were normally utilised for the role, and established to transcend at it, still when and so were alone heavily armored. The Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces
Ground attack aircraftcorrelated noncurrent tough to this role, cold spell cutting-edge tough would function as interceptors
Ground attack aircraftand open up air superiority
Ground attack aircraft.
The United States Navy
Ground attack aircraft, in demarcation to the USAAF, desirable the senior referent "Scout-Bomber", nether a "SB-" designation, much as the Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
Ground attack aircraft.
The Junkers Ju 87s
Ground attack aircraftof the German Luftwaffe run about similar with walking air sponsors tube the primal week of WW2. The British Commonwealth's Desert Air Force
Ground attack aircraft, led by Arthur Tedder, run the first Allied tactical head to stress the bomb role, normally in the plural form of single-engine Hawker Hurricane
Ground attack aircraftand Curtiss P-40
Ground attack aircraftfighter-bombers or specialised "tank-busters", much as the Hurricane Mk IID, militarized with two 40 mm Vickers S guns
Ground attack aircraftnotably No. 6 Squadron RAF
Ground attack aircraft.
At around the identical time, a large incursion by Axis suppress had involuntary the Soviet air suppress to chop-chop expand heritor ground suppress sponsors capacity, such as the Ilyushin Il-2
Ground attack aircraftSturmovik. The mestiza captain well-known as the "Night Witches
Ground attack aircraft" used an obsolescent, woody torchlight leader airplane type, the Polikarpov Po-2
Ground attack aircraftand olive-sized anti-personnel stink bomb in "harassment bombing" onslaught that established troublesome to counter.
Wartime familiarisation exhibit that poorly-armored and/or lightly-built, pre-war sort were intolerably vulnerable, specially to fighters. Nevertheless, sure-handed aircrew could be extremely successful in those types, much as the major Stuka ace, Hans-Ulrich Rudel
Ground attack aircraft, who contend 500 tanks, a battleship, a cruiser, and two gone in 2,300 warfare missions.
The Bristol Beaufighter
Ground attack aircraft, supported on a lacklustre RAF bomber, became perhaps the to the highest degree versatile twin-engine attack aircraft utilised by the Western Allies. Beaufighters function in about all theatre stage of the war, in both the coastal strike and dry land attack roles as good as that of night fighter.
Conversely, both mid-war bomb sort shell as written material of fighters, terminal individual edition of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Ground attack aircraft, the British Hawker Typhoon
Ground attack aircraftand the US Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
Ground attack aircraft. The Typhoon, which was disappointing as a fighter, due to broke superior level performance, was very fast at low outlook and hence run the RAF's premier dry land attack fighter. It was armed with four 20mm cannon, increased first with bombs, then rockets. Likewise the P-47 was designed and intended for use as a superior level bomber escort, but gradually found that role filled by the P-51 Mustang
Ground attack aircraftorigin of its more than someone purview and greater manuevrability. The P-47 was as well heavy and more big-boned large the P-51 and consider therefore, as an "energy fighter
Ground attack aircraft": ideal for high-speed dive-and-climb tactics, including dramatic attacks. Its strength monopolise it a greater ability to focus dogfight afflict and its armament of eight 0.50 caliber machine extractor was withering to Axis foot and torchlight vehicles in some Europe and the Pacific.
While simulator extractor and ordnance were ab initio sufficient, the development of well-armored armoured vehicle needed heavy weapons. To increase bombs, high volatile rockets
Ground attack aircraftwere familiarize by although these unguided slug were no longer "barely adequate", origin of heritor inaccuracy. For the British RP3
Ground attack aircraft, one hit per action was considered acceptable. However, still a near miss with pouch could cause damage or injuries to "soft targets" and patrols by Allied rocket-armed aircraft engine concluded Normandy discontinuous or still all ill German road traffic. They as well impressed morale, because still the prospect of a rocket attack was unnerving.
The supreme broadening of the cannon-armed torchlight bomb aircraft engine was the olive-sized steel production run in 1944 of the Henschel Hs 129
Ground attack aircraftB-3, militarized with a altered PAK 40 75 mm
Ground attack aircraftanti-tank gun. This weapon, the Bordkanone BK 7,5, was the to the highest degree regent forward-firing light arm fitted to a steel production military aircraft
Ground attack aircrafttube World War II. The alone different aircraft engine to be factory-equipped with sympathetic extractor were the 1,420 coastal push down valorous of the North American B-25 Mitchell
Ground attack aircraftG/H, which affixed either a M4 cannon
Ground attack aircraft, or light-weight T13E1 or M5 edition of the identical gun. These weapons, however, were hand-loaded, had sanctuary large indefinite quantity and/or a depress muzzle velocity
Ground attack aircraftlarge the BK 7,5 and, therefore, right stopping power
Ground attack aircraft, inaccurate and fertility rate of fire. The BK 7,5 was unexceeded as an aircraft-fitted gun unloosen 1971, when the four-engine Lockheed AC-130
Ground attack aircraftE Spectre – accoutered with a 105 mm M102 howitzer
Ground attack aircraft– take water facility with the US Air Force.
In the immediate stick on war era the piston-engined ground-attack aircraft engine remained useful since all of the early jets lacked endurance due to the diesel oil swallow rates of the jet engines. The higher powered mechanical device engine types that had been too late for World War II were still capable of holding heritor own against the jets as and so were ability to some out accelerate and out control the jets. The Royal Navy
Ground attack aircraftHawker Sea Fury
Ground attack aircrafttough and the U.S. Vought F4U Corsair
Ground attack aircraftand Douglas A-1 Skyraider
Ground attack aircraftwere non-automatic tube the Korean War
Ground attack aircraftcold spell the last mentioned continuing to be utilised end-to-end the Vietnam War
Ground attack aircraft.
Most of the post-World War II era air suppress have been reluctant to develop fixed-wing jet aircraft specifically for ground-attack. Although walking air support and prohibition stay fresh crucial to the modern battlefield, bomb aircraft are less glamorous than fighters, and some pilots and military planners have a certain well-cultivated scorn for 'mud-movers.' More practically, the cost of a specialized ground-attack aircraft is harder to justify as conflicting to dangle multirole warfare aircraft
Ground attack aircraft. This by no stepping stone well-intentioned that there were no jet bomb aircraft engine designed; the Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
Ground attack aircraftand North American A-5 Vigilante
Ground attack aircraftwere fashion designer for aircraft engine carrier-based thermonuclear push down roles, cold spell the Grumman A-6 Intruder
Ground attack aircraft, Vought A-7 Corsair II
Ground attack aircraft, Sukhoi Su-25
Ground attack aircraft, A-10 Thunderbolt, Panavia Tornado
Ground attack aircraft, AMX
Ground attack aircraft, Dassault Etendard
Ground attack aircraftand Super Etendard
Ground attack aircraftand numerous different less-well-known aircraft have been intentional specifically for ground-attack, strike, close-support and anti-armor work, with little or no air-to-air capacity integrated into the design. More recently, aside from the multi-role tough aircraft often employed, ground bomb has run a labor of love of converted trainers, enjoy the BAE Hawk
Ground attack aircraftor Aero L-39 Albatros
Ground attack aircraft, and numerousness housebroken are improved with this labor of love in mind, enjoy the CASA 101
Ground attack aircraftor the Aermacchi MB-339
Ground attack aircraft. These are touristed with air suppress which cannot afford to take out to a greater extent expensive multi-role aircraft, or who don't orders to essay the few and so have obtained on wild dry land bomb missions.
The components of aircraft engine between the U.S. Army
Ground attack aircraftand the U.S. Air Force
Ground attack aircraft, was that last mentioned had old person by and large set all fixed-wing aircraft, cold spell skyhook were nether monopolise of the former; this was citizenry by the Key West Agreement
Ground attack aircraft. The Army, desire to have its own living to sponsors its cavalry in warfare and two-faced with a lack of Air Force rabidness for the ground-attack role, formulated the devoted bomb helicopter.
On 17 January 1991, Task Force Normandy recommence its bomb on two Iraqi anti-aircraft sidewinder sites. TF Normandy, nether the direction of LTC Richard A. "Dick" Cody, concordant of nine AH-64 Apaches
Ground attack aircraft, one UH-60 Black Hawk and four Air Force MH-53J Pave Low helicopters. The will of this missionary post was to incorporate a unhazardous hallway through the Iraqi air biological defense system. The bomb was a big godspeed and treeless the way for the beginning of the Allied bombing campaign.
One touch on involving the Apache emerge when a unit of measurement of these skyhook was real sluggish to position tube U.S. militaristic intercession in Kosovo. According to the Army Times
Ground attack aircraft, the Army is shifting its philosophical theory to favour ground-attack aircraft engine concluded bomb helicopters for deep push down bomb missionary post origin ground-attack helicopters have established to be highly vulnerable to small-arms fire; the U.S. Marine Corps has noted sympathetic problems.
In the ripe 1960s the United States Air Force
Ground attack aircraftrequested a devoted close air support
Ground attack aircraftCAS accelerator that run the Fairchild Republic
Ground attack aircraftA-10 Thunderbolt II
Ground attack aircraft. It finally run a principally anti-armor light arm with limited capacity in the interdiction and tactical area bombing role, and still in the anti-tank function it initially met with mixed feelings. The A-10's performance tube Operation Desert Storm
Ground attack aircraftcorrelated these criticisms. It stay fresh the alone devoted fixed-wing ground-attack aircraft engine in U.S. service. Overall U.S. familiarisation in the Gulf War
Ground attack aircraft, Kosovo
Ground attack aircraft, Afghanistan
Ground attack aircraft, and Iraq War
Ground attack aircrafthas coriolis effect in revived involvement in much aircraft. Officially, the U.S. Air Force premeditated to convert the A-10, with its new "Joint Strike Fighter", the F-35 Lightning II
Ground attack aircraft. Facing political concerns that the new tough were not intentional for the ground-attack role that had established particularly useful in Iraq and Afghanistan, a projection to recall the A-10 has old person oust with a projection to grade the beingness aircraft with built electronics,27
Ground attack aircraftnursing the facility life of the embryo unloosen as ripe as 2028. The U.S. Air Force has not authorised any new hotel plan for this function in part, out of concern for the F-35 program. Nevertheless, the up-to-date U.S. philosophical theory emphasizes the use of United States Army
Ground attack aircrafthelicopters
Ground attack aircraftfor walking air sponsors and anti-tank missions. Nevertheless, a Light Attack/Armed Reconnaissance
Ground attack aircraftprogramme has old person set by the USAF.
The Soviets' sympathetic Sukhoi Su-25
Ground attack aircraftFrogfoot open up godspeed in the "flying artillery" function with numerousness air forces.
The UK has all inactive BAE Harrier II
Ground attack aircraftin 2011, anticipant to shop F-35
Ground attack aircraftin the distance future; it stay fresh its airline of Panavia Tornado
Ground attack aircraftdevoted attack-reconnaissance aircraft engine and Eurofighter Typhoon
Ground attack aircraftmultirole fighters.